2. Processing and storage
Once products are collected and packaged, they may undergo processing and require storage under controlled conditions at processing and storage facilities with refrigeration or climate control systems. These facilities maintain precise temperature and humidity levels to ensure product quality and safety.
These facilities will usually have implemented quality control procedures to inspect, test, and verify the temperature-sensitive products before they are approved for transportation.
Distribution in temperature-controlled logistics involves the transportation of products from storage to end-users, distribution centres or other facilities.
Different vehicles are used depending on the specific temperature requirements. For example, refrigerated trucks (aka reefers) are equipped with cooling systems to maintain temperatures at specific levels. They are commonly used for transporting blood samples and pharmaceuticals, as a temperature controlled courier vans which use in-vehicle monitoring technology.
Throughout the distribution phase, continuous temperature monitoring, remote tracking, and real-time data sharing with stakeholders are essential to guarantee the integrity of temperature-sensitive products.
Which cargo needs to be transported at a controlled temperature?
Vaccines are sensitive biological products that can lose their effectiveness if exposed to temperature extremes. Maintaining a controlled temperature during transportation ensures that vaccines remain potent and can provide immunity against diseases. Cold chain logistics is crucial for the distribution of vaccines.
Specialised pharmaceutical temperature controlled transport is essential for industries such as healthcare and research.
Blood samples, need to be transported at specific temperatures to preserve their integrity. Extreme temperatures can cause hemolysis (rupture of red blood cells) or the denaturation of proteins in the blood, rendering the samples useless for accurate testing and analysis.